Datebook

Datebook
10:45 am
Tue April 17, 2012

Datebook: April 17 - Capitulations of Santa Fe 520 Years Ago

On April 17, 1492, The Capitulations of Santa Fe were signed between Christopher Columbus and Queen Isabella I. This agreement granted Columbus honorific titles and allowed him to travel West to find the East, and granted him a tenth of any riches he were to find along the way. Many of Isabella's council of experts (sailors, philosophers, astrologers, and other monarchs) thought the journey was absurd, but some influential members argued there'd be little to lose should Columbus fail and much to gain should he succeed. So it was signed on this day, and soon he would sail the ocean blue.

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Datebook
10:10 am
Mon April 16, 2012

Datebook: April 16 - Walter Cronkite Becomes Anchor of CBS Evening News 50 Years Ago

Walter Cronkite became anchor of CBS Evening News, the network's flagship nightly news program, on April 16, 1962. During this time, Cronkite became known as "the most trusted man in America," for his coverage of the JFK Assasination. The progrma dominated nightly news ratings for over 18 years with Cronkite at the helm. His image was bolstered by his support for the space program, leading him to anchor coverage of the Apollo 11 Moon landing in 1969.

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Datebook
10:43 am
Fri April 13, 2012

Datebook: April 13 - J.C. Penney Opens First Store 110 Years Ago

James Cash Penney, Jr. was an American businessman and entrepreneur best known for founding J.C. Penney stores. Penney began working for a chain of stores in the northwest in 1898. The owners were so impressed by his work ethic, they offered him partnership in a new store. In 1902 (at the age of 27), he invested $2,000 (roughly $50,000 today), in a store in Kemmerer, Wyoming. By 1907, his partnerships dissolved and he had full ownership of three stores. By 1912, he ran 34 stores, and set up headquarters in Salt Lake City. By 1924, his annual income was more than one million dollars.

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Datebook
10:48 am
Thu April 12, 2012

Datebook: April 12 - Disneyland Paris Opens 20 Years Ago

"The happiest place on Earth" became "Le paradis sur Terre" on this day 20 years ago, when Euro Disney Resort opened it's gates for the first time. It became the second Disney resort to open outside of the United States (Tokyo Disney Resort). The complex was the subject of controversy in the the late 80 and early 90s, due to protests from labor unions, including a critic who called the concept "cultural Chernobyl." Also, park and hotel attendance fell below projections.

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Datebook
10:57 am
Wed April 11, 2012

Datebook: April 11 - The Most Boring Day of the 20th Century

Computer programmer William Tunstall-Pedoe calculated April 11, 1954 to be the most boring day of the 20th Century. He developed a program called True Knowledge that came to this decision after being fed 300 million facts about people, places, business, and events in the news.

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Datebook
12:10 pm
Tue April 10, 2012

Datebook: April 10 - Biological Weapons Convention 40 Years Ago

Forty years ago on this day, the first multilateral disarmament treaty banning the production of an entire category of weapons was signed by the United States, United Kingdom, Soviet Union, and other countries at the Bilogical Weapons Convention. The treaty came into force on March 26, 1975 with ratification by 22 states. Currently, there are  165 states that have ratified or acceded to the treaty. This prohibits the development, production,and stockpiling of biological and toxin weapons.

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Datebook
11:11 am
Mon April 9, 2012

Datebook: April 9 - Bataan Death March 70 Years Ago

On April 9, 1942, the Imperial Japanese Army stripped 76,000 American and Filipino prisoners of their weapons and valuables and forced them to march from the southern end of the Bataan peninsula in Mariveles, to San Fernando, then Capas - a total of 80 miles after the three-month Battle of Bataan in the Philippines. The march was notorious for wide-ranging physical abuse and murder, and later declared a Japanese war crime. Many prisoners died of heat or exhaustion along the way.

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Datebook
10:34 am
Fri April 6, 2012

Datebook: April 6 - Battle of Shiloh 150 Years Ago

Battle of Shiloh by Thure de Thulstrup, 1888

The Battle of Shiloh was a major battle in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, fought April 6–7, 1862, in southwestern Tennessee. A Union army under Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant had moved via the Tennessee River deep into Tennessee. Confederate forces under Generals Albert Sidney Johnston and P.G.T. Beauregard launched a surprise attack on Grant at Pittsburg Landing.

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Datebook
11:03 am
Thu April 5, 2012

Datebook: April 5 - Easter Island Discovered 290 Years Ago

The first-recorded European contact with Easter Island was on April 5, 1722 - which happened to be Easter Sunday, when Dutch navigator Jacob Roggeveen visited the island for a week, during which he estimated a native population of 2,000 to 3,000 minus the ones his team had killed due to a misunderstanding. The mysterious island had long been inhabited by the Polynesians, since somewhere between 300 to 1200 CE. The most visible element in the culture is the massive moai statues depicting deified ancestors.

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Datebook
11:25 am
Wed April 4, 2012

Datebook: April 4 - Susanna Salter Becomes 1st Woman Elected Mayor in US 125 Years Ago

Susanna M. Salter, Age 27 and Age 94
www.kancoll.org

Argonia, Kansas is a small town on the southern border with a current population of 501. It gained national recognition on April 4, 1887 for electing Susanna M. Salter as mayor, the first woman to hold the position in the United States and the first woman elected to any political office in the country. She was born into a Quaker family in Ohio on March 2, 1860. As a student at Kansas State Agricultural College (now Kansas State University), she met Lewis Salter, the son of former Kansas Lt. Governor Melville Salter.

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