Datebook

Datebook
10:41 am
Mon April 2, 2012

Datebook: April 2 - The Falklands War Begins 30 Years Ago

The Falklands War was a conflict resulting from the long-standing dispute over the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands, South Georgia, and the South Sandwich Islands, which lie southeast of Argentina. Argentina has asserted the islands have been in their territory since the 19th century (and still holds this claim), which was added to their constitution in 1994.

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Datebook
10:50 am
Fri March 30, 2012

Datebook: March 30 - Florida Becomes a Territory 190 Years Ago

Florida was first discovered by Juan Ponce de Leon in 1513, who claimed the land for Spain. It remained under Spanish rule until the end of the Seven Years' War, when Spain ceded it to Great Britain in exchange for Havana. After the American Revolution, Great Britain ceded Florida back to Spain. In 1812, the US military and local militia invaded Florida mainly to retrieve runaway slaves, who had been protected by the Seminole (Florida natives). In 1818, General Andrew Jackson informed President Monroe that he would invade Florida to quell local conflicts.

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Datebook
11:34 am
Thu March 29, 2012

Datebook: March 29 - Knights of Columbus Founded 130 Years Ago

The Knights of Columbus is the world's largest Roman Catholic fraternal service organization. Founded in the U.S. on March 29, 1882, it is named in honor of Christopher Columbus. There are over 1.8 million members in 15,000 councils. Membership is limited to "practical Catholic" men aged 18 or older. In 2010, the Order gave over $154 million dollars to charity, claims over 70 million hours of volunteer service, and over 413,000 pints of blood donated. The Order has played a significant role in politics.

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Datebook
10:45 am
Wed March 28, 2012

Datebook: March 28 - Marina Raskova Turns 100

Marina Raskova was born on March 28, 1912 (and died January 4, 1943). She was the first woman to become a navigator in the Soviet Air Force in 1933 and set a number of long distance flight records in the late 1930s, during her post as a teacher at the air academy. She convinced Joseph Stalin to form three female combat regiments (one of which was commanded by Raskova), which would eventually fly over 30,000 sorties in World War II. She died in a crash landing on the Volga bank, while leading others to an airfield in Stalingrad.

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Datebook
11:48 am
Tue March 27, 2012

Datebook: March 27 - Evansville, Indiana Founded 200 Years Ago

Evansville, Indiana - located on a horseshoe bend of the Ohio River - as settled by immigrants 200 years ago. On March 27, 1812, Hugh McCary Jr. bought land for the settlement which he called McGary's Landing. In 1914, he renamed the village "Evansville" in honor of Colonel Bob Evans, an officer under General William Henry Harrison in the War of 1812. It was soon after named the county seat of Vanderburgh County. Evansville became a thriving commercial town involved in river trade. Today, Evansville is the largest city in Southern Indiana, with a population of roughly 360,000.

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Datebook
9:57 am
Mon March 26, 2012

Datebook: March 26 - Vietnam Veterans Memorial Groundbreaking 30 Years Ago

The Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington D.C. honors U.S. service members who fought in the Vietnam War, members who died in service in Vietnam and Southeast Asia, and members unaccounted for during the War. The design by American artist Maya Lin was approved on March 11, 1982, and ground was formally broken several days later on March 26. The memorial lies adjacent to the National Mall, northeast of the Lincoln Memorial. Three million visitors each year view the 58,195 names etched into the long black wall.

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Datebook
10:00 am
Fri March 23, 2012

Datebook: March 23 - Wernher von Braun turns 100

Wernher von Braun was born on March 23, 1912 (and died June 16, 1977). He was a German-born rocket scientist, aerospace engineer, space architect, and one of the leading figures in the development of rocket technology in Nazi Germany during WWII, and subsequently, the United States. Despite being a decorated Nazi war hero, he would later be regarded as the preeminent rocket engineer of the 20th century for his work with NASA. In his 20s and early 30s, he developed the V-2 rocket for use in WWII.

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10:00 am
Thu March 22, 2012

Datebook: March 22 - Indian Massacre of 1622

The Indian Massacre of 1622 (also known as The Jamestown Massacre) occurred on March 22 when, according to Captain John Smith (yes, the Pocahontas guy) the braves of the Powhatan Confederacy "came unarmed into our houses with deer, turkeys, fish, fruits, and other provisions to sell us," but suddenly they grabbed nearby tools and weapons and killed any English settlers in sight. Chief Opechancanough led a coordinated series of surprise attacks that killed 347 people, then a quarter of the population of Jamestown, along with burning houses, crops, and nearby settlements.

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10:00 am
Wed March 21, 2012

Datebook: March 21 - Moondog Coronation Ball 60 Years Ago

Come one, come all to the Moondog Coronation Ball! Held at the Cleveland Arena on March 21, 1952 - this event is generally accepted as the first major rock and roll concert. It was notable for featuring both black and white musical performers in a racially mixed audience at a time when almost all performers, radio stations, and record labels were de facto segregated. One of the organizers was Alan Freed, a radio DJ said to have coined the term "Rock and Roll." The place was packed with an estimated crowd of 20,000 - way over capacity (the arena held only slightly more than half of that).

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Datebook
11:55 am
Tue March 20, 2012

Datebook: March 20 - Uncle Tom's Cabin Published 160 Years Ago

Uncle Tom's Cabin is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe published on March 20, 1852. It is considered to have played a major part in laying the groundwork for the Civil War. Stowe was a Connecticut-born teacher at the Hartford Female Academy and an active abolitionist. The novel depicts the reality of slavery while asserting that Christian love can overcome something as destructive as the enslavement of fellow human beings. Her character Uncle Tom was a long-suffering black slave around whom the stories of the other characters revolve.

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