Shankar Vedantam http://wkms.org en Does Diversity On Research Team Improve Quality Of Science? http://wkms.org/post/does-diversity-research-team-improve-quality-science As science becomes more diverse, scientific collaborators are growing more diverse, too. New research exploring the effect of this change suggests the diversity of the teams that produce scientific research play a big role in how successful the science turns out to be. Fri, 21 Mar 2014 09:09:00 +0000 Shankar Vedantam 39381 at http://wkms.org Military Conflict Decisions: Why Weakness Leads To Aggression http://wkms.org/post/military-conflict-decisions-why-weakness-leads-aggression Transcript <p>DAVID GREENE, HOST: <p>From Syria to Afghanistan, to Russia and Ukraine, the United States finds itself confronting some major foreign policy challenges. There are old rivalries and new one testing the limits of the United States.<p>NPR social science correspondent Shankar Vedantam regularly joins us to talk about matters related to individual and organizational behavior, but today, he's found some new research that's relevant to the way we think about foreign conflicts and he's in our studios. Mon, 10 Mar 2014 08:57:00 +0000 Shankar Vedantam 39153 at http://wkms.org Cash Or Credit? How Kids Pay For School Lunch Matters For Health http://wkms.org/post/cash-or-credit-how-kids-pay-school-lunch-matters-health American kids have a problem with obesity, according to the <a href="http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/">most recent studies</a>. Fri, 17 Jan 2014 09:51:00 +0000 Shankar Vedantam 38102 at http://wkms.org Cash Or Credit? How Kids Pay For School Lunch Matters For Health Why Are Kids Who Get Less Candy Happier On Halloween? http://wkms.org/post/why-are-kids-who-get-less-candy-happier-halloween What makes trick-or-treaters happy is candy. And more candy is better, right?<p>Well, it turns out that might not actually be the case. A few years ago researchers did <a href="http://www.psych.uncc.edu/pagoolka/pbr96.pdf">a study</a> on Halloween night where some trick-or-treaters were given a candy bar, and others were given the candy bar and a piece of bubble gum.<p>Now, in any rational universe, you would imagine that the kids who got the candy bar and the bubble gum would be happier than the kids who got just the candy bar. Thu, 31 Oct 2013 22:54:29 +0000 Shankar Vedantam 36193 at http://wkms.org Why Are Kids Who Get Less Candy Happier On Halloween? Why We Care More About Losses Than Gains http://wkms.org/post/why-we-care-more-about-losses-gains People care more about losing a dollar than gaining a dollar. This ideal, known as loss aversion, has national consequences, too, according to new research. David Greene discusses the phenomenon with NPR's Shankar Vedantam. Fri, 25 Oct 2013 09:37:00 +0000 Shankar Vedantam 36027 at http://wkms.org Smart Teenage Brains May Get Some Extra Learning Time http://wkms.org/post/smart-teenage-brains-may-get-some-extra-learning-time John Hewitt is a neuroscientist who studies the biology of intelligence. He's also a parent. Over the years, Hewitt has periodically drawn upon his scientific knowledge in making parenting decisions.<p>"I'm a father of four children myself and I never worried too much about the environments that I was providing for my children because I thought, well, it would all work out in the end anyway — aren't the genes especially powerful?" <a href="http://ibgwww.colorado.edu/hewitt/">Hewitt</a> says.<p>He knew intelligence has a strong biological component. Mon, 23 Sep 2013 07:37:00 +0000 Shankar Vedantam 35074 at http://wkms.org Smart Teenage Brains May Get Some Extra Learning Time It's OK To Protest In China, Just Don't March http://wkms.org/post/its-ok-protest-china-just-dont-march Thousands of messages posted on the Internet every day in China get censored. Until now, little has been known about how the Chinese censorship machine works — except that it is comprehensive.<p>"It probably is the largest effort ever to selectively censor human expression," says Harvard University social scientist <a href="http://www.gov.harvard.edu/people/faculty/gary-king">Gary King</a>. "They don't censor everything. There are millions of Chinese [who] talk about millions of things. Mon, 09 Sep 2013 07:30:00 +0000 Shankar Vedantam 34699 at http://wkms.org It's OK To Protest In China, Just Don't March Money May Be Motivating Doctors To Do More C-Sections http://wkms.org/post/money-may-be-motivating-doctors-do-more-c-sections Obstetricians perform more cesarean sections when there are financial incentives to do so, according to a new study that explores links between economic incentives and medical decision-making during childbirth.<p>About <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2010/08/31/129552505/cesarean-sections-stay-popular">1 in 3</a> babies born today is delivered via C-section, compared to 1 in 5 babies delivered via the surgical procedure in 1996. During the same time period, the annual medical costs of childbirth in the U.S. have grown by $3 billion annually. Fri, 30 Aug 2013 07:06:00 +0000 Shankar Vedantam 34453 at http://wkms.org Money May Be Motivating Doctors To Do More C-Sections How To Win That Music Competition? Send A Video http://wkms.org/post/how-win-music-competition-send-video Chia-Jung Tsay was something of a piano prodigy. By age 12, she was performing Mendelssohn in concert. At 16, she made her debut at Carnegie Hall. Soon, she was on her way to some of the best music schools in the country — Juilliard and the Peabody Conservatory. And she was throwing her hat in the ring for different competitions. <br /> Tue, 20 Aug 2013 06:03:00 +0000 Shankar Vedantam 34139 at http://wkms.org How To Win That Music Competition? Send A Video Being In The Minority Can Cost You And Your Company http://wkms.org/post/being-minority-can-cost-you-and-your-company The racial wage gap in the United States — the gap in salary between whites and blacks with similar levels of education and experience — is shaped by geography, according to new social science research.<p>The larger the city, the larger the racial wage gap, according to researchers Elizabeth Ananat, Shihe Fu and Stephen L. Ross, whose findings were recently <a href="http://www.nber.org/papers/w18933">published</a> by the National Bureau of Economic Research.<p>"The average racial gap in metropolitan areas of around 1 million people — and you can think of a place like Tulsa, Okla. Wed, 24 Jul 2013 07:04:00 +0000 Shankar Vedantam 33349 at http://wkms.org